Eye Conditions & Treatments

Annual Eye Examinations

Just as it is important to visit your medical doctor for a yearly check-up, it is equally important to have routine eye examinations with your eye care provider on a regular basis. Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, may require you to see your eye doctor more frequently to ensure your vision is not decreasing due to your physical health.


Notable risk factors include a higher rate in the development of Glaucoma for African Americans that are over the age of 40, heredity, eye disease in your family, or even some prescription medications may affect your vision.


Snead Eye Group recommends that you make good vision as much a part of your health plan as you would your scheduled visits to your doctor or dentist.  Having your vision checked by a vision screening machine such as a Titmus Screener, similar to what is used at the Driver’s License bureau, or having your vision checked on an eye chart during your annual exam with your family physician does not take the place of an annual dilated eye exam.  The dilation expands the pupil and allows your eye doctor to see into the back of the eye where diseases without any symptoms can begin.  Just because some patients has 20/20 vision doesn’t mean they can forego their annual dilated eye exam.  Healthy vision promotes a healthy lifestyle.

What can I expect during my eye exam?

Whether you are here for a routine visit or as the result of a vision problem, rest assured your exam will be thorough. Beginning first with an OPD test, most patients start here in the work-up process, especially if cataracts might be present.  The OPD Wavefront system uses the most advanced digital technology available to better evaluate your unique vision needs.  Should you need cataract surgery, the OPD technology will assist you and your surgeon when choosing the best lens implant for you.


Your next step will be with one of our skilled technicians, where they will perform a series of tests to determine your current vision.  These tests will include a refraction, used to determine the amount of corrective lens power needed to obtain your best vision, and other important tests to further evaluate your visual health.


Dilating your eyes will be the last step before seeing the doctor.  This process can take approximately 20 minutes and enables the doctor to see into the back of your eye in order to check the retina, the macula, and other internal structures. From this point, your doctor will be able to present you with the best treatment options to guarantee your best vision possible.

What is Astigmatism?

For years, people have suffered with the effects of Astigmatism. Astigmatism is a defect in which light entering the eye is unable to be brought to a single focal point resulting in blurred vision at all distances. Astigmatism occurs when the cornea is shaped oblong more like a football than round such as a baseball, which is the normal shape.


Usually, Astigmatism is hereditary.  Many people are born with an oblong cornea, and the resulting vision problems may get worse over time. Astigmatism may also result from eye injury that caused scarring on the cornea, from certain types of eye surgery, or from keratoconus, a disease that causes gradual thinning of the cornea.


It is not only adults who can be Astigmatic.  A recent study from the Ohio State University School of Optometry, found in 2,523 children, more than 28 percent of them had astigmatism.  Children may be even more unaware of the condition than adults, and more unlikely to complain of blurred or distorted vision.  Unfortunately, Astigmatism can affect the ability to see well in school or during sports related activities.  Yearly eye examinations are key to the detection of Astigmatism in both children and adults.

How do I know if I have Astigmatism?

If you have a slight amount of Astigmatism, you may not notice it at all.  In some cases, uncorrected Astigmatism can produce headaches, eyestrain and blurred vision at all distances.

What are treatment options for Astigmatism?

Astigmatism can usually be compensated for by wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses. Previously, people with Astigmatism would not be able to wear contact lenses. However, today’s technology has produced soft contact lenses that have a special correction built into them for both nearsighted and farsighted vision.  Depending on the type and severity of your astigmatism, you may also be able to have it corrected with refractive surgery.  Our doctors will be able to discuss all options with you at the time of your exam.


Snead Eye Group also offers Limbal Relaxing Incisions for our patients suffering from a corneal Astigmatism.  Corneal Astigmatism presents as an abnormal curvature of the cornea, which can result in atypical focusing of light, as well as damaged vision. To correct these issues, small incisions are made in precise areas of the cornea that decrease the Astigmatism.


For some patients undergoing cataract surgery at Snead Eye Group, additional techniques during the same procedure can help to improve the overall results and vision, such as a variety of lens implants, in addition to Limbal Relaxing Incisions.

What are Cataracts?

A cataract is a progressive clouding of the eye’s natural lens that interferes with light passing through to the retina. Sufferers usually describe the condition as being like looking through a waterfall, or a piece of wax paper, with gradual blurring or dimming of vision.


According to a survey conducted by the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, more than 98% of cataract patients had their vision successfully improved after surgery. Many patients experienced vision that is better than before they developed cataracts. Once removed, cataracts will not grow back. However, some patients may experience clouding of a thin tissue called the capsule or “bag” that holds the intra-ocular lens (IOL.) In most cases a laser is used to painlessly open the clouded capsule and restore clear vision.

How do I know if I have Cataracts?

As cataracts grow in both eyes at about the same rate, patients may not notice gradual changes as cataracts form.  Over time, vision will become cloudy, reading may become more difficult and driving a car can actually become dangerous. Cataract sufferers may also be troubled by a bothersome glare, halos around lights, or even double vision. As the cataract becomes worse, frequent changes in eyeglass prescriptions may become necessary. The best way to know if you have a cataract is to have your eyes dilated.

What are treatment options for Cataracts?

Currently there is no medical treatment to reverse or prevent the development of cataracts. Once they form,
there is only one way to achieve clear vision again, and that is to physically remove the cataract from the eye.


The surgical options to remove Cataracts are:


LenSx ®  Femtosecond Cataract Laser


Snead Eye Group is committed to offering the latest technology and state-of-the-art equipment for superior surgical outcomes.  Snead Eye Group is the only practice in the Southwest Florida area offering LenSx
Femtosecond Cataract Laser surgery in BOTH of their surgery centers. Snead Eye Group is proud to offer the
revolutionary LenSx ® Femtosecond Cataract Laser which provides cataract patients with an optimized refractive cataract surgery experience. Typically, cataract surgeries are performed manually where the surgeon uses a blade to create all of the incisions during the procedure. With the introduction of the first FDA cleared custom cataract laser, the LenSx ® Femtosecond Cataract Laser, the cataract surgeons at Snead Eye Group can create incisions and reduce Astigmatism with a laser. The incisions are more accurate and precise, thus eliminating some of the variables that have complicated cataract surgery results in the past. Recent results show that the laser is up to 10x more precise than manual techniques for portions of the cataract surgery. By exhibiting a high level of accuracy and precision, outcome of cataract surgery with LenSx ®  is more predictable. Studies have shown that with cataract surgery using LenSx ®  Femtosecond Cataract Laser at Snead Eye Group, patients have a better chance of seeing 20/20 or better versus manual blade incisions.


During your procedure the LenSx ®  femtosecond cataract laser has many advantages. Prior to cataract surgery, Snead Eye Group performs several tests to take measurements to plan your cataract surgery. While
measurements are taken before your procedure, the LenSx ®  Cataract Laser uses a range of highly advanced
technologies including integrated optical coherence tomography (OCT) to capture precise, accurate, high-
resolution images of your eyes. With the data collected from these images and measurements, a customized plan can be created for your cataract surgery that had not been possible with traditional technology.


Cataract surgery with LenSx ®  can be performed at our Naples or Fort Myers Eye Surgery Center, as we are the first and only practice in the area that has invested in this technology for both facilities.


Your cataract will be removed with an advanced technique called phacoemulsification, or small-incision
cataract surgery. Using only a topical anesthetic, a “stair-stepped” incision of about 1/8″ is made in the sclera (white part of the eye), or in the clear cornea (just above the area where the cornea meets the sclera). The cataract is then broken into microscopic particles using high energy sound waves and gently suctioned from the eye. Then, to compensate for the removal of the eye’s natural lens, an intra-ocular lens (IOL) is implanted into the eye. After using this special “stair-stepped” incision, the eye remains tightly sealed by the natural outward pressure within your eye.





When considering cataract surgery, it is important to understand your lens implant options, so you can choose a lens that best matches your lifestyle. Monofocal, or standard lens implants focus at one main point that can be set at distance, intermediate or near based on your individual needs. This implant allows for the sharpest possible vision at its set point – usually distance. Since the monofocal lens is typically set to focus at distance, reading glasses or bifocals are often necessary to give patients the best possible near vision. Our standard monofocal lenses are the most advanced in their category, designed for distance and improving image quality.




Toric or astigmatic lenses are for individuals who desire better distance vision and the correction of their
astigmatism. Astigmatism is when the eye is longer, or shaped like a football rather than a basketball. As light rays are prevented from meeting at a common focal point, images become distorted. Astigmatism is quite
common and can be corrected with intraocular lenses and limbal relaxing incisions performed with the LenSx
laser during cataract surgery.




Presbyopia, the Greek word for "aging eye," is a condition that causes near vision to decrease as we age, making it difficult to see things up-close. Presbyopia is the most prevalent eye condition in America, affecting most people after the age of 40 and nearly everyone by their early 50s. While some lenses are used to see clearly at a distance after cataract surgery, multifocal and accommodating lenses are specially designed to combat the effects of presbyopia for clear distance vision plus a full range of intermediate and near vision, reducing the need for corrective lenses or even reading glasses. Multifocal lenses are for the individual who desires the least amount of dependency on glasses and for busy people on the go, they are often referred to as the best of the best.


If you interested in being free of reading glasses or bifocals, the Acrysof IQ ReSTOR IOL, and the possibility
of being free of reading glasses has arrived! This advanced lens is FDA approved and is giving patients clear
vision at all distances—near, intermediate, and far! The Acrysof IQ ReSTOR IOL is implanted during cataract
surgery to replace the natural lens, which has become clouded by cataracts. This new lens can provide enhanced visual quality and the full range of vision, giving patients an increased independence from reading glasses and bifocals.




The Tecnis® Multifocal IOL is an implant specifically designed to offer both distance and near vision after
cataract surgery. This premium lens brings objects at varying distances into focus using a technology called
diffraction. A series of rings on the entire inner surface of the Tecnis lens focuses the light from objects in your vision at varying distances. This allows for a smooth transition of focus between distant, intermediate, and near targets.


If you have trouble seeing at a distance as well as up close, or you require bifocals, this IOL might be a better vision solution for you!




Some eyes take longer than others to grow accustomed to multifocal lenses. The potential exists for problems
with halos and glare (particularly at night). However, such problems have been limited and usually improve
over time. Patients experiencing these difficulties still tend to experience better vision than they did prior to cataract surgery.


When considering cataract surgery, it is important to consider surgeons and surgery centers that offers several implant options and can discuss which options best match your lifestyle. Our surgeons perform thousands of cataract surgeries every year and are dedicated to offering the most advanced technology available.


Cataract Surgery Using Self-Sealing Incision and Topical Anesthesia


Topical anesthesia and self-sealing incisions are additional improvements that have taken cataract surgery to the next level. Many patients are able to see with clear vision much sooner after the surgery than years ago. In most cases it is now possible to return to daily activities such as driving and reading almost immediately.


Sometimes after cataract surgery, the back or posterior part of the lens capsule, or lens covering, becomes
cloudy or opacified. This cloudiness is usually caused by cells growing onto the back of the capsule, causing
blurred vision, glare or light sensitivity. Although not a true cataract, it is often referred to as a “secondary cataract”. This procedure is done as an outpatient procedure that does not require anesthesia. It is perfectly normal and can be removed by a quick and simple laser procedure.

Diabetic Eye Care
What Is Diabetic Eye Disease?

Diabetic eye disease is a group of conditions that threaten the vision and ocular health of people with diabetes. The most common diabetic eye disease is diabetic retinopathy, which affects the retina. Diabetic patients are also more likely to develop cataracts and glaucoma.


Diabetic eye diseases often go unnoticed until it is too late to reverse vision loss. For this reason, the doctors at Snead Eye Group recommends to anyone with diabetes to have annual eye exams to screen for signs of a problem. Catching diabetic eye disease early makes it easier to prevent or delay vision loss and reduces the risk of blindness by 95 percent.

How Can Diabetes Affect Vision or Cause Vision Loss?

People with diabetes have trouble controlling the amount of sugar in their blood. High levels of sugar in the blood can change the blood vessels in the retina, the layer of light sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. This leads to the condition known as diabetic retinopathy.


In the early stages of the disease, referred to as non-proliferative retinopathy, the retina’s blood vessels swell and leak fluid. In the later, more advanced stages, known as proliferative retinopathy, new abnormal blood vessels grow along the retina and on the surface of the vitreous gel inside the eye. These irregular blood vessels are fragile and can break easily, leaking blood. The leaking blood vessels may cause blurred vision.


A complication of diabetic retinopathy, called macular edema, occurs when fluid leaks into the central part of the retina called the macula. If this fluid builds up, it can obstruct the central vision needed to capture fine detail. Vision may appear blurred or distorted. About half of people with proliferative retinopathy develop macular edema.


Diabetic retinopathy often progresses without any pain or symptoms; by the time the disease is detected, it has caused lasting damage. However, some patients do experience the following symptoms:


  • Blurred or double vision
  • Red or black ink spots that change shape, new floaters and flashes of light
  • Pain or pressure in one or both eyes
  • A curtain covering part of the vision or trouble seeing out of part of the eye
  • A central blur


Should you experience a sudden onset of any of the above symptoms, please contact our office immediately at 239.936.8686

Dry Eye
What is Dry Eye?

Dry Eye is a chronic lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture in the eye.  Simply stated, dry eye syndrome occurs if the eye does not produce enough tears to keep them moist and wash out dust and debris.  Tears also contain enzymes, in some cases the tears may just evaporate too quickly to be effective.


Anyone can be affected by Dry Eye; however, it is known that women (possibly due to hormone fluctuations) smokers, and people who live in hot, dry and humid environments are more prone to experience dry eyes.

How do I know if I have Dry Eye?

Persistent dryness, scratching and burning in your eyes are signs of dry eye syndrome.  Some people may experience the sensation of a “foreign body” in the eye, and even though it may seem odd excessive dryness can work to over stimulate the production of the watery production of your eye’s tears, resulting in constant tearing and watery eyes.  Dry Eye syndrome may also be caused by certain systemic diseases such as, lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.


If you have symptoms of Dry Eye syndrome, call Snead Eye Group for an appointment right away.  Symptoms alone may not be enough for your doctor to make a diagnosis, he or she may want to measure the amount of tears and the tear film composition in your eyes.  This is done with a Schirmer’s test.

What are treatment options for Dry Eye?

Treatment is dependent on the severity of the condition. Some people may only require a humidifier or occasional eye drops while others may require surgery to help decrease dry eyes. Over-the-counter lubricating eye drops, commonly referred to as artificial tears, may help relieve dry eyes, but if symptoms persist call our office to schedule an evaluation.  Once you have an evaluation, our doctors can review the best treatment options with you.

Elective Cosmetic Procedures
  • What is Botox?

Years of laughing, smiling, frowning, and raising your eyebrows can take a toll on your appearance. Suddenly you notice Crow’s Feet, Brow Furrows, and Forehead Wrinkles that take away from your youthful appearance. While you may not be ready for full cosmetic surgery, there is a simple cosmetic procedure that can reduce or eliminate these bothersome wrinkles. Botox is the trade name for Botulinum Toxin, Type A. This purified protein, when used in small amounts, is safe and effective for treating unwanted wrinkles and fine lines.


Men and women alike are taking advantage of this revolutionary non-surgical wrinkle treatment.

  • How does it work?

Crow’s feet, frown lines, and brow furrows are caused by the contraction of muscles underneath the skin. In order to reduce these wrinkles, the muscle must be prohibited from contracting. Botox, when injected, relaxes the muscles and no longer allows them to contract. The result is a smooth winkle-free appearance that gives your face a refreshed and relaxed look.

  • Is it safe?

Botox has been used since 1980 by ophthalmologists for the treatment of blepharospasms, or uncontrolled blinking and twitching of the eyes. Patients who suffer from blepharospasms are often unable to function well enough to drive, watch movies, play sports, or read.  Once Botox was injected into the muscle, the spasms stopped, allowing normal blinking functions.  An unexpected side-effect was the reduction of the fine lines and wrinkles.


Botox has been used for wrinkle reduction since 1989.  A major study of the technique was completed in 1995 and the review was published in The Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.  The use of Botox in beauty enhancements is now widely accepted and used by ophthalmologists around the world.

  • How long does it last?

Botox treatments usually last from 3 to 6 months. Studies have indicated that the more often you have the injections the longer the effects last between treatments.

  • What is JUVÉDERM® XC?

JUVÉDERM® XC is the smooth gel filler that your doctor uses to instantly smooth away wrinkles around your mouth and nose. With just one treatment, you’ll get smooth and natural-looking results that last up to a year. JUVÉDERM®XC is manufactured using HYLACROSS™ technology, creating a smooth-consistency gel. It is infused with lidocaine to improve comfort during treatment. With JUVÉDERM® XC you get the smooth results you expect, with the improved comfort you want. Everyone will notice, but no one will know.

  • How does it work?

Young, healthy-looking skin contains an abundance of a naturally hydrating substance called hyaluronic acid (HA).  As you age, sunlight and other factors can reduce the amount of HA in your skin. The lack of HA causes your skin to lose structure and volume, creating unwanted facial wrinkles and folds – like those parentheses lines around your nose and mouth. Using a dermal filler like JUVÉDERM® XC is a safe and effective way to replace the HA your skin has lost, bringing back its volume and smoothing away facial wrinkles and folds.


It’s long-lasting

JUVÉDERM® XC is the ONLY hyaluronic acid (HA) filler FDA approved to last up to one year with one treatment.

 It’s smooth and more comfortable

Not all HA dermal fillers are created equal. Only JUVÉDERM® is so smooth. Other hyaluronic acid fillers currently on the market are made of granular consistency gels, but our unique manufacturing process (HYLACROSS™) creates a smooth-consistency gel that flows easily into the skin and provides a smooth, natural look and feel—so everyone will notice (but no one will know)! Did we mention it’s more comfortable than previous JUVÉDERM® formulations? JUVÉDERM® XC injectable gel is now formulated with lidocaine, a common anesthetic used to improve the comfort of treatment.

It’s safe and effective for different skin types

JUVÉDERM® injectable gel is the first FDA-approved hyaluronic acid dermal filler that has proven its safety and effectiveness in persons of color. Studies with JUVÉDERM® showed no increased risk of hyperpigmentation or hypertrophic scarring in patients of color.

It’s personalized

One size doesn’t fit all when it comes to wrinkle treatment. A customized treatment plan is important for achieving the best results. That’s why JUVÉDERM® XC is available in two formulations: JUVÉDERM® Ultra XC for versatility in contouring and volumizing facial wrinkles and folds, and JUVÉDERM® Ultra Plus XC, a more robust formulation for volumizing and correcting deeper folds and facial wrinkles.

Excess Eyelid Skin and Droopy Eyelids
What is Excess Eyelid Skin and Droopy Eyelids?

Heredity, age, diet, gravity, and pollutants can cause skin surrounding our eyes to relax and loosen. When this happens, our eyes seem to portray a sad, tired or angry appearance.


Gravity forces objects toward the earth, and as we age, it becomes more difficult to combat its effects.  This holds true with many of our body parts, but one of the most noticeable is the drooping eyebrows or eyelids, and excess skin.


Several conditions can occur that make eyelids droop, obstructing vision. When this occurs, the minor annoyance of having saggy lids or brows becomes a medical issue that must be treated. Safety when driving becomes questionable as your peripheral vision may be impaired.


  • Blepharitis

Blepharitis is a generic term for inflammation of the eyelids, usually surrounding the lid margin and eyelashes.  It is a very common condition that may be associated with a low grade bacterial infection or a generalized skin condition.


  • Ectropion and Entropion

Ectropion and Entropion are common conditions of the eyelid margin that can directly affect vision and comfort.


Ectropion, common in the elderly community, is a condition that causes the inner eyelid surface to become dry and irritated due to a “turning out” of the eyelid. Sometimes the Ectropion symptoms can be managed with artificial tears, but only until surgery can be scheduled.


Entropion is a condition that causes your eyelid to turn inwards. This can cause major irritation and discomfort due to the eyelid skin and eyelashes rubbing against one another. Symptoms can include redness of the eye, eye irritation, light sensitivity, decreased vision and watery eyes.



  • Ptosis

Another common eyelid problem is Ptosis, pronounced “toe sis”, which also causes your eyelids to droop.  Ptosis occurs when the muscle that allows you to blink stretches or becomes unattached.  Although ptosis can occur in both eyes, it often happens to only one eye causing your eyelids to be uneven.


  • Baggy Lower Lids
    If your friends often tell you that you look tired, chances are you have fat pockets accumulating under your eyes. A precise surgical procedure can be performed from the inside of the lower eyelid to reduce these pockets.  Performing surgery inside the lid prevents scarring on the outside of the eye and dramatically improves your appearance.  The result is a refreshed and rejuvenated appearance.
How do I know if I have Excess Eyelid Skin and Droopy Eyelids
  • Patients with excess eyelid skin and droopy eyelids often experience headaches from involuntarily raising eyebrows by using their forehead muscles to allow additional light to enter their eyes. In fact, vision is often so obscured that patients are forced to lift their lids or brows with their fingers to read or watch television.


Symptoms can also include:


  • Redness of the eye
  • Eye pain or eye irritation
  • Light sensitivity
  • Decreased vision
  • Excessive tearing or watery eyes


The form below can also help you evaluate whether or not an appointment is needed.


Eyelid Surgery Evaluation form  


If you answered “yes” to any of the questions on the evaluation form, please call our office to make an appointment for a free eyelid evaluation.

What are treatment options for Excess Eyelid Skin and Droopy Eyelids?

Fortunately, there are several effective surgical procedures that removes excess eyelid skin and repairs eyelids resulting in a refreshed appearance and better vision.


  • Blepharoplasty
    Blepharoplasty is a safe and effective eyelid surgery performed as an out-patient procedure in either of our state-of-the-art surgery centers. Eyelid surgery, when determined by an Ophthalmologist to be impairing your vision, will most likely be covered by your insurance.


  • Ectropion Eyelid Repair
    Repairing Ectropion requires tightening the lower eyelid at the outside corner of the eye. Tightening the eyelid can be combined with opening the tear ducts to improve tearing. It can also be performed with lower blepharoplasty when indicated. Some types of ectropion may require mid-face elevation at the same time and rarely a skin graft or flap reconstruction. Ectropion repair is usually covered by insurance and can be performed as an outpatient procedure.


  • Entropion Eyelid Repair
    Correcting Entropion of the lower lid involves tightening the eyelid, re-inserting the lower eyelid retractors and excising a small strip of Orbicularis muscle. This can be done from the skin approach or from the inside of the eyelid. This is called the transconjunctival entropion repair.
Eye Floaters
What are Eye Floaters?

Floaters are tiny clumps of gel or cells inside the vitreous, the clear jelly-like fluid that fills the inside of your eye. As we age the vitreous gel may start to thicken or shrink forming more clumps of gel in the eye.


For most people, Floaters occur as they grow older. Sometimes pregnant women see Floaters caused by little bits of protein trapped within the eye.  Eye injury or breakdown of the vitreous humor may also cause spots and Floaters.

How do I know if I have Eye Floaters?

If a spot or shadowy shape passes in front of your field of vision or to the side, you are seeing a Floater.  Because they are inside your eye, they move with your eyes when you try to see them. Floaters are more noticeable when you look at a plain background, like a blank wall or blue sky.


You will probably be the first one to know that you have Floaters.  Just seeing the specks or spots without any pain or sudden flash of light is most always a Floater. If you do experience pain, see sudden flashes of light, or experience a veil in your vision, make an appointment at one of our offices immediately, as this may be an indication of a retinal problem.  Our doctors will also be able to detect Floaters during a routine eye exam.

What are treatment options for Eye Floaters?

Most spots and eye floaters are merely annoying but harmless when they temporarily enter the field of vision and many will fade over time.  Sometimes surgery is recommended to remove floaters, but only in rare instances.

Eyelid & Eye Lesions
What are Eye and Eyelid Lesions?

Lesions are cellular growths that can appear on the eye or the eyelid in many different shapes and forms. Most often these growths are non-cancerous but can nonetheless lead to loss of vision, discomfort, and can be embarrassing.


The most common forms of eye and eyelid lesions include Chalzions, Pterygiums, Pinguecula and eye and eyelid cysts and tumors.


  • Chalazions

A chalazion, usually appearing is the lower or upper eyelid, is a red raised mass typically caused by a blockage of the eyelid’s oil glands. Chalazions are a common development for patients suffering from blepharitis, or inflammation of the eyelid. The eventual lump formed by this condition can lead to mild pain, redness and swelling.


  • Pterygiums

Pterygiums are benign tumors that appear as pink tissue that grow onto the cornea from the conjunctiva or the temporal side of the eye. These growths if left untreated can lead to vision loss and chronic eye irritation. Southwest Floridians may be especially susceptive to Pterygium as long-term ultraviolet exposure has been linked as a cause to this condition.


  • Pinguecula

Like Pterygium, Pinguecula is thought to be caused by exposure to UV or sunlight rays. Development of Pinguecula displays as a yellow growth usually found on the side of the eye closest to the nose but can develop on both sides of the eye. While these growths are benign, left untreated they can develop into a Pterygium, and a proper diagnosis is necessary to not confuse these symptoms. Effects most commonly associated with Pinguecula are swollen, red and irritated eyes.


  • Cysts

While several different typed of lesions may be harmless, the development of cysts on or around the eye can sometimes indicate other health issues. Cysts differ from lesions in that they are filled with fluid. If a lesion or cyst obstructs the eyelid, significant damage can result from the eyelid’s inability to protect the eye, possibly even damaging vision.

How do I know if I have an Eye or Eyelid Lesion?

Many of the symptoms associated with eye and eyelid lesions include obvious inflammations, or growths that obstruct vision or cause discomfort.  If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, call Snead Eye Group today to schedule an evaluation.

What are treatment options Eye and Eyelid Lesions?

Depending upon the type and cause of the eye or eyelid lesions, there are many types of surgical options. Once you scheduled an evaluation, our doctors can review the best treatment options with you for your specific condition.

What is Farsightedness?

Refractive errors, such as Farsightedness, are imperfections in the eye that prevent light from focusing properly onto the retina, causing blurred vision. Two of the most common types are myopia and hyperopia, better known as nearsightedness and farsightedness.


Farsightedness typically occurs when the curve of the cornea is too steep. This causes light to focus in front of rather than on, the retina making objects in the distance appear blurry.

How do I know if I have Farsightedness?

Symptoms may include:

  • Blurry vision
  • Double vision
  • Haziness
  • Glare or halos around bright lights
  • Squinting
  • Headaches
  • Eye strain
What are treatment options for Farsightedness

Chances are, you’ve heard of LASIK, but do you know what it does or what the procedure entails? LASIK is a form of laser vision correction offered by Snead Eye Group, one of the most popular elective surgeries in Southwest Florida. Using a laser beam, an eye surgeon can reshape the cornea of your eye to make it more ideal for focusing light, thus improving your vision.


Laser vision correction is one of the most popular elective surgeries in the U.S. today. It can give patients with common vision problems and help to reduce their dependency on glasses or contact lenses. In some cases, it can eliminate their dependency entirely.


LASIK has become the most widely performed and accepted form of laser vision correction. In one survey, 87 percent of LASIK patients said they would recommend it to their friends. There is no minimum amount of correction required for LASIK and speaking to one of our doctors can be the first step to changing how you see the world forever.


Financing for your LASIK surgery is available.

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma affects over 60 million people worldwide and is the second leading cause of irreversible blindness. There are several forms of glaucoma; the two most common forms are primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and angle-closure glaucoma (ACG).  Glaucoma is often called “the sneak thief of sight” because it has no symptoms until significant vision loss has occurred. The disease is defined by pressure inside the eye, cupping of the optic disc and loss of visual field. Glaucoma cannot be cured, and treatments aim to reduce the pressure within the eye, which is normally achieved through medical therapy, laser treatments or incisional glaucoma surgery. With advances in technology and glaucoma treatment, more surgical options are available than ever before, especially when topical anti-glaucoma drugs and laser treatments fail to control the disease.

How do I know if I have Glaucoma?

Symptoms of Open-Angle Glaucoma

In open-angle glaucoma, the angle in your eye where the iris meets the cornea is as wide and open as it should be, but the eye’s drainage canals become clogged over time, causing an increase in internal eye pressure and subsequent damage to the optic nerve. It is the most common type of glaucoma, affecting about four million Americans, many of whom do not know they have the disease.


There are typically no early warning signs or symptoms of open-angle glaucoma. It develops slowly and sometimes without noticeable sight loss for many years.


Most people who have open-angle glaucoma feel fine and do not notice a change in their vision at first because the initial loss of vision is of side or peripheral vision, and the visual acuity or sharpness of vision is maintained until late in the disease.


By the time a patient is aware of vision loss, the disease is usually quite advanced. Vision loss from glaucoma is not reversible with treatment, even with surgery.


Because open-angle glaucoma has few warning signs or symptoms before damage has occurred, it is important to see Snead Eye Group for regular eye examinations. If glaucoma is detected during an eye exam, your eye doctor can prescribe a preventative treatment to help protect your vision.


You are at increased risk of glaucoma if your parents or siblings have the disease, if you are African-American or Latino, and possibly if you are diabetic or have cardiovascular disease. The risk of glaucoma also increases with age.


Symptoms of Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma

In angle-closure glaucoma (also called narrow angle glaucoma), the angle is closed in many or most areas, causing increased eye pressure, which leads to optic nerve damage, and possible vision loss. This rise in eye pressure may occur suddenly (an acute attack of angle closure) or gradually. There are also early stages of the disease in which the angle is closed but the eye pressure may or may not be high and the optic nerve is not affected yet.


Symptoms of acute angle-closure glaucoma are very noticeable, and damage occurs quickly. If you experience any of these symptoms, seek immediate care from an ophthalmologist

  • Hazy or blurred vision
  • The appearance of rainbow-colored circles around bright lights
  • Severe eye and head pain
  • Nausea or vomiting (accompanying severe eye pain)
  • Sudden sight loss
What are treatment options for Glaucoma?
  • iStent Glaucoma Treatment

Glaucoma cannot be cured, and treatments aim to reduce the pressure within the eye, which is normally achieved through medical therapy, laser treatments or incisional glaucoma surgery. Because of the risk of severe side effects, surgery was usually reserved for advanced stages of the glaucoma, when topical antiglaucoma drugs and laser treatments fail to control the disease.


Approved by the FDA in July of 2012, the GLAUKOS iStent Trabecular Micro-Bypass Stent, the world’s smallest medical device, provides a long-term, non-medicinal treatment for patients suffering from Open-Angle Glaucoma. This tiny titanium stent is inserted into the eye to help aide in the natural draining of intraocular fluid into the blood stream, reducing pressure build up within the eye.


Dr. Brad A. Snead of Snead Eye Group has recently received certification to provide iStent Trabecular Micro-Bypass Stent to treat cataracts and glaucoma.  He states, “the iStent is truly a breakthrough for patients suffering from open-angle glaucoma, especially for those suffering from cataracts as well. The iStent is minimally invasive because it is implemented through the same tiny incision used during cataract surgery. Even more exciting is that many patients who choose the iStent have a reduction in the number of medicines and other treatments to keep the intraocular pressure under control.”


Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty is the newest alternative for suffering glaucoma patients. Previous treatments have left patients with few options: eye drops, or complicated surgery. Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty or SLT is a new, innovative laser-based procedure that successfully lowers intraocular pressure. In comparison to other antiquated treatments, SLT is repeatable, non-invasive and does not result in any major side effects. Hundreds of thousands of patients have already gained relief from this non-invasive, gentle procedure.



  • Ahmed Shunt

For some patients suffering from Glaucoma, normal treatment does not always relieve the symptoms associated with the condition such as the buildup of pressure in the eye. For these patients there are alternatives such as the Ahmed Shunt.  In this procedure, a shunt or tube is implanted into the eye to divert the fluid in the eye into an external reservoir. The shunt is made of materials that will not break down in the body and are therefore safe for a long-term solution.


Candidates for this procedure commonly have not had great success with other treatments such as trabeculectomy. Determining the necessary treatment for your Glaucoma is an important decision, and one for which you should seek the advice of your ophthalmologist. Snead Eye Group is a proud provider of the Ahmed Shunt, as well as other Glaucoma procedures. Contact our offices today to setup an appointment for your evaluation.

What is Keratoconus?

Keratoconus is an eye disorder in which the cornea becomes misshapen, typically in a more conical than spherical shape. This change in shape can lead to double vision, distortion of vision, blurred or streaked vision and sensitivity to light.

What are the symptoms of Keratoconus?

People with early Keratoconus typically notice a minor blurring of their vision and come to their doctor seeking corrective lenses for reading or driving. During these stages the symptoms may be like those of any other refractive defect. With the progression of the disease, eyesight deteriorates, sometimes very quickly. Visual sharpness becomes impaired both near and far, and night vision is typically bad. Some patients have markedly worse vision in one of their eyes. In most cases, Keratoconus will affect both eyes, though not necessarily evenly. Some sufferers develop a sensitivity to bright light, eye strain from squinting to read, or itching in the eye, but there is normally little to no pain.

What are treatment options for Keratoconus?

In many patients, corrective lenses fitted by a specialist allow the patient to drive legally and function in daily life. If the disease continues to progress, one of several surgical options may be explored.


Surgical procedures for advanced Keratoconus include intrastromal corneal ring segments, corneal collagen cross-linking, mini asymmetric radial keratotomy and, in 25% of cases, corneal transplantation.

Macular Degeneration
What is Macular Degeneration?

Macular degeneration is a common aging process that occurs in nearly every person who reaches 100 years of age. Macular Degeneration affects the macula portion of the retina, which is located in the very back of your eye and is responsible for sharp central vision such as that needed to focus on reading or driving.


Dry Macular Degeneration

This is by far, the most common form of macular degeneration, occurring in 85% to 90% of patients with the disorder. This form appears as dry yellow spots on the macula. Many patients experience only mild vision loss or distortion in the beginning stages. Although your vision will slowly and progressively decline, it will not cause complete blindness. You may have dry macular degeneration for many years without any significant change in your vision or lifestyle.


Wet Macular Degeneration

Wet macular degeneration occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow under the retina causing distortion and damage. This form occurs in only about 10% to 15% of patients with the disorder. The good news is that wet macular degeneration, if caught in time, can be stopped and often reversed. The bad news is that if it is not caught in time, vision loss is severe and sudden.

How do I know if I have Macular Degeneration?

The Amsler Grid may help determine if you need to make an appointment with your doctor. Eye Conditions & Treatments


Instructions for use:

Cover one eye and look constantly at the center dot. Be sure all lines are straight, and all small squares are the same size. If any area on the grid becomes distorted, blurred, discolored, or otherwise abnormal, call your eye doctor. You could have progressing macular degeneration.


Click the following link for a printable version of the Amsler Grid with detailed instructions on how to use it to test your vision at home.


While this test is a great place to start, you will want to make an appointment to see one of our doctors to see if you have the beginning stages of the disease.

What are treatment options for Macular Degeneration?

As research continues worldwide, several injectable drugs have proven to reduce the progression of wet Macular Degeneration.  Lasers are used to halt the progression of wet macular degeneration. Laser treatment does not restore lost vision and may cause vision to be somewhat worse after the procedure. Although this may seem counterproductive, this loss is usually less severe than the eventual loss that will occur if laser treatment is not performed.


A healthy diet of green leafy vegetables is a great addition to promote good eye health, as well as stopping smoking, which has been found to contribute to Macular Degeneration, as well as many other eye diseases.

What is Nearsightedness?

Refractive errors, such as Nearsightedness, are imperfections in the eye that prevent light from focusing properly onto the retina, causing blurred vision. Two of the most common types are myopia and hyperopia, better known as nearsightedness and farsightedness.


Nearsightedness typically occurs when the curve of the cornea is too steep. This causes light to focus in front of, rather than on, the retina, making objects in the distance appear blurry. With LASIK, the laser can remove tissue from the center of the cornea to make it flatter. This allows light to better focus directly on the retina.

How do I know if I have Nearsightedness?

Symptoms may include:

  • Blurry vision
  • Double vision
  • Haziness
  • Glare or halos around bright lights
  • Squinting
  • Headaches
  • Eye strain
What are treatment options for Nearsightedness?

Chances are, you’ve heard of LASIK, but do you know what it does or what the procedure entails? LASIK is a form of laser vision correction offered by Snead Eye Group, one of the most popular elective surgeries in Southwest Florida. Using a laser beam, an eye surgeon can reshape the cornea of your eye to make it more ideal for focusing light, thus improving your vision.


Laser vision correction is one of the most popular elective surgeries in the U.S. today. It can give patients with common vision problems, such as farsightedness. This can help to reduce their dependency on glasses or contact lenses, and in some cases eliminate their dependency entirely.


LASIK has become the most widely performed and accepted form of laser vision correction. In one survey, 87 percent of LASIK patients said they would recommend it to their friends. There is no minimum amount of correction required for LASIK and speaking to one of our doctors can be the first step to changing how you see the world forever.


Financing for your LASIK surgery is available.

Pink Eye
What is Pink Eye?

Pink Eye is the common term for a condition also known as conjunctivitis. The conjunctiva is the thin clear membrane over the white part of the eye; it also lines the eyelids. Inflammation of this membrane is called Conjunctivitis or Pink Eye.


Pink Eye may be triggered by a virus, bacteria, and allergic reaction to dust, pollen, smoke, fumes or chemicals. In some cases, a foreign body, such as a contact lens may also inflame the membrane causing Pink Eye.


Anyone is susceptible to Pink Eye, however is appears to be more common in pre-school and school age children.

How do I know if I have Pink Eye?

The most obvious symptom of course is a pinkish or red color of the eye, due to the inflammation. Pink Eye may also cause your eye to hurt or itch. At first sign of itch or redness, you should call our office for an examination, especially to rule out infection.

What are treatment options for Pink Eye?

Since Pink Eye is a bacterial infection and can be contagious, the best source of treatment is prevention. Washing your hands frequently, avoid touching or rubbing your eyes, don’t share washcloths or eye makeup.


If you have contracted Pink Eye, our doctors may recommend compresses, allergy pills or antibiotic eye drops in some cases. Usually, pink eye is a minor eye infection, but sometimes it can develop into a more serious condition.

What is Presbyopia?

During middle age, usually around the age of 40, people will begin to experience blurred vision while focusing close up.  Reading, sewing and working on a computer may become difficult without the aid of glasses.


Presbyopia is generally believed to stem from the gradual loss of flexibility in the natural lens of the eye as we age.  With less elasticity the eye has a harder time focusing up close.  Presbyopia occurs in everyone at some point in time, usually beginning in your forties.

What are the Symptoms of Presbyopia?

Usually the first sign of presbyopia is the need to hold books, magazines or newspapers at arm’s length to focus properly.  Performing close-up work may tend to leave you feeling fatigued, with headaches or eyestrain.


Our doctors will be able to diagnose whether you have Presbyopia. However; you will most likely know prior to examination based on your symptoms.

How is Presbyopia treated?

Eyeglasses are the most common correction for Presbyopia. Contact lenses may also be worn for correction by wearing one contact for distance and one for close up. This is referred to as monovision.  Because your natural lens continues to change as you grow older, your prescription for correction will increase over time as well.

What are Styes?

Styes are small bumps resembling a pimple on the inside or outside of your eyelid.  A stye develops when a gland at the edge of the eyelid becomes infected.  Styes are caused by staphylococcal bacteria. This bacterium is often found in the nose and is easily transferred to the eye by rubbing first your nose and then your eye. Styes can occur at any age and are not harmful to your vision.

How do I know if I have a Stye?

A stye usually begins with pain, redness, tenderness and swelling followed by a small pimple appearing.  You may notice frequent watering in the affected eye, a feeling like something is in your eye or increased sensitivity to light.  The initial symptoms of the stye usually present the diagnosis. However; you may choose to contact your eye doctor to be sure.

What are Treatment Options for Styes?

Most styes heal within a few days on their own.  Applying a hot compress for 10-15 minutes, three or four times a day may speed up the healing process.  The compress will help relieve the pain and brings the stye to a head, much like a pimple that will then rupture, drain and heal.  Never pop a Stye like a pimple; allow it to rupture on its own.