Eye Conditions

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New Hope for Astigmatism Treatment.

Say good bye to Cataracts and Astigmatism at the same time.

For years people have suffered with the affects of Astigmatism. Astigmatism is a defect in which light entering the eye is unable to be brought to a single focus resulting in blurred vision at all distances.  Until recently treatment consisted of wearing glasses or contact lenses for your vision correction. Now the latest technology in lens implants after cataract surgery makes it possible to reduce or actually eliminate corneal astigmatism and significantly improve your distance vision.  The AcrySof ® Toric IOL provides quality distance vision leaving you without the need for glasses and contact lenses.  If you have been diagnosed with cataracts and astigmatism call our office at (239) 936-8686 to see if you might be a candidate for the new AcrySof ® Toric IOL lens implant after your cataract surgery.

What Causes Astigmatism?

Astigmatism occurs when the cornea is shaped oblong more like a football than round such as a baseball, which is the normal shape.
Usually astigmatism is hereditary: many people are born with an oblong cornea, and the resulting vision problems may get worse over time. Astigmatism may also result from eye injury that caused scarring on the cornea, from certain types of eye surgery, or from keratoconus, a disease that causes gradual thinning of the cornea.

Who is most likely to have Astigmastism?

It is not only adults who can astigmatic.  A recent study from the Ohio State University School of Optometry, found in 2,523 children, more than 28 percent of them had astigmatism.  Children may be even more unaware of the condition than adults, and more unlikely to complain of blurred or distorted vision.  Unfortunately, astigmatism can affect the ability to see well in school or during sports related activities.  Yearly eye examinations are key to the detection of astigmatism in both children and adults.

What are the symptoms of Astigmatism?

If you have a slight amount of astigmatism you may not notice it at all.  In some cases uncorrected astigmatism can produce headaches, eyestrain and blurred vision at all distances.

How is Astigmatism detected?

Astigmatism can only be detected through a comprehensive eye examination by an eye care specialist.

How is Astigmatism treated?

Astigmatism can usually be compensated for by wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses.  Previously people with astigmatism believed they would not be able to wear contact lenses, this was true many years ago however; technology has produced soft toric contact lenses that have a special correction built into them for both nearsighted and farsighted vision.  Depending on the type and severity of  your astigmatism, you may also be able to have it corrected with refractive surgery.  Your eye care specialist will be able to discuss all option with you at the time of your exam.


Blepharitis Symptoms and Treatment

What is Blepharitis?

Blepharitis is a generic term for inflammation of the eyelids, usually surrounding the lid margin and eyelashes.  It is a very common condition that may be associated with a low grade bacterial infection or a generalized skin condition.

What Causes Blepharitis?

The two most common causes are bacteria and scalp dandruff.  Factors believed to contribute to blepharitis include abnormalities in oil gland reduction and an alteration in bacterial colonies that normally live on the skin.

Who is Most Likely to get Blepharitis?

Blepharitis is most common in adults. It is not contagious and cannot be passed from one person to another.

What are the Symptoms of Blepharitis?

The most common symptoms include, itching, burning, scratchiness, foreign body sensation, excessive tearing, crusty scaling around the eyelashes, especially when you first wake up.  In some instances, Dry Eye symptoms can be associated with blepharitis.

How is Blepharitis Detected?

Your eye care specialist will be able to diagnose blepharitis by a careful examination of the eyelid margins.

How can Blepharitis be Treated?

The most effective and important treatment is improved eyelid hygiene.  This alone may enable you to control symptoms and prevent further complications. Your doctor may prescribe applying warm compresses to the eyelids to soothe the discomfort. Another option for prevention and treatment might be the use of a lid scrub foam called Ocusoft, which can be purchased at any of our convenient locations. In severe cases you may require a prescription for antibiotics or lubricating ointments.


About Cataracts

Over fifty percent of people over the age of 60, and quite a few younger than that, suffer from cataracts. In fact, cataracts are so common it is said that everyone will develop a cataract if they live long enough.


A cataract is a progressive clouding of the eye’s natural lens that interferes with light passing through to the retina. Sufferers usually describe the condition as being similar to looking through a waterfall, or a piece of wax paper, with gradual blurring or dimming of vision.


Reading may become more difficult and driving a car can actually become dangerous. Cataract sufferers may also be troubled by a bothersome glare, halos around lights, or even double vision. As the cataract becomes worse, frequent changes in eye-glass prescriptions may become necessary.


Currently there is no medical treatment to reverse or prevent the development of cataracts. Once they form, there is only one way to achieve clear vision again, and that is to physically remove the cataract from the eye.

Fort Myers and Naples Cataract Surgery

In your parent’s or grandparent’s day, Southwest Florida cataract surgery was considered risky, required a lengthy hospital stay and was usually postponed for as long as possible. Today, cataract surgery is performed on an out-patient basis and takes only a few minutes. Patients can then go home and rest in comfort and avoid the inconvenience and expense of staying in a hospital.

LenSx Femtosecond Laser

Snead Eye Group is proud to offer the revolutionary LenSx® laser which provides cataract patients with an optimized refractive cataract surgery experience. Typically, cataract surgeries are performed manually where the surgeon uses a blade to create all of the incisions during the procedure. With the introduction of the first FDA cleared custom cataract laser, the LenSx® femtosecond cataract laser, the cataract surgeons at SNEAD EYE GROUP have the ability to create incisions and reduce astigmatism with a laser. The incisions are more accurate and precise, thus eliminating some of the variables that have complicated cataract surgery results in the past. Recent results show that the laser is up to 10x more precise than manual techniques for portions of the cataract surgery. By exhibiting a high level of accuracy and precision, outcome of cataract surgery with LenSx is more predictable. Studies have shown that with cataract surgery using the LenSx® femtosecond cataract laser at SNEAD EYE GROUP, patients have a better chance of seeing 20/20 or better vs. manual blade incisions.

During your procedure the LenSx® femtosecond cataract laser has many advantages . Prior to cataract surgery, SNEAD EYE GROUP performs a number of tests as well as take measurements to plan your cataract surgery. While measurements are taken before your procedure, the LenSx® Cataract Laser uses a range of highly advanced technologies including integrated optical coherence tomography (OCT) to capture precise, accurate, high-resolution images of your eyes. With the data collected from these images – and measurements a plan can be created for your cataract surgery that had not been possible with traditional technology.


Cataract surgery with LenSx can be preformed at our Naples eye surgery center as well as our Fort Myers eye surgery center.

Self- Sealing Incisions

Your cataract will be removed with an advanced technique called phacoemulsification, or small-incision cataract surgery. Using only a topical anesthetic, a “stair-stepped” incision of about 1/8″ is made in the sclera (white part of the eye), or in the clear cornea (just above the area where the cornea meets the sclera). The cataract is then broken into microscopic particles using high energy sound waves and gently suctioned from the eye. Then, to compensate for the removal of the eye’s natural lens, an intra-ocular lens (IOL) is implanted into the eye. After using this special “stair-stepped” incision, the eye remains tightly sealed by the natural outward pressure within your eye.

Lifestyle Lens Options

Multifocal IOLs

For the individual who desires the least amount of dependency on glasses AND the very best vision possible, at all ranges near through distance, for everything you do. Multifocal IOLs are the best of the best and desired by busy people on the go! This package includes:  Advanced multifocal lens, and limbal relaxing incision if necessary



  • Can eliminate the need for glasses for most activities.
  • Multifocal IOLs may also be available that have the ability to correct astigmatism.
  • Can be performed by LenSx.

For the individual that desires good vision but doesn’t mind wearing glasses. This package includes: Basic Monofocal lens, usually correcting distance vision. However, if you have astigmatism you will need glasses for all ranges of vision.



  • Costs are typically covered by Medicare and other insurance
Cataract Surgery Using Self-Sealing Incision and Topical Anesthesia

Topical anesthesia and self-sealing incisions have taken cataract surgery to the next level. Many patients are able to see with clear vision much sooner after the surgery. In most cases it is now possible to return to daily activities such as driving and reading almost immediately. With “eye drop” anesthesia, there is rarely the need to inject the eye which delays vision restoration and could cause temporary swelling and skin discoloration.

Successful Cataract Surgery

Everyone heals somewhat differently, but many cataract patients report improvement in their vision almost immediately after the procedure. Most patients return to their normal work and lifestyle routines within a day or two.


According to a survey conducted by the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, more than 98% of cataract patients had their vision successfully improved after surgery. Many patients experienced vision that is actually better than before they developed cataracts. Once removed, cataracts will not grow back. However, some patients may experience clouding of a thin tissue called the capsule or “bag” that holds the intra-ocular lens (IOL.) In most cases a laser is used to painlessly open the clouded capsule and restore clear vision.

Financing for your cataract surgery is available

Snead Eye Group works with Care Credit, a finance company that can help patients pay any high insurance deductible and help pay for Tecnis Multifocal or Toric Lens for cataract surgery patients. When patients apply and are approved we offer a two year, no interest rate, payment plan. Learn more about Care Credit financing.

The Choice is Yours


It can take months or years for a cataract to develop. How do you know when it is time to have a cataract removed? The answer is quite simple. The time to have your cataract removed is when you believe your quality of life would be better if you could see better. Only you can decide when it is time to open your eyes to a bright, clear world.

For More Information on Cataract Surgery see:
Cataract Surgery Day Of
Cataract Surgery Pre-Op
Dry Eye

Dry Eye

What is Dry Eye?

Dry eye is a chronic lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture in the eye.

What Causes Dry Eye?

Simply stated, dry eye syndrome occurs if the eye does not produce enough tears to keep them moist and wash out dust and debris.  Tears also contain enzymes, in some cases the tears may just evaporate too quickly to be effective.

Who is Most Likely to get Dry Eye?

Anyone can be affected by dry eye; however it is known that women (possibly due to hormone fluctuations) smokers and people who live in hot dry and humid environments are more prone to dry eyes.

What are Symptoms of Dry Eye?

Persistent dryness, scratching and burning in your eyes are signs of dry eye syndrome.  Some people may experience the sensation of a “foreign body” in the eye, and even though it may seem odd excessive dryness can work to over stimulate the production of the watery production of your eye’s tears, resulting in constant tearing and watery eyes.  Dry eye syndrome may also be caused by certain systemic diseases such as, lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.

How is Dry Eye Detected?

If you have symptoms of dry eye syndrome, call your eye care specialist for an appointment right away.  Symptoms alone may be enough for your doctor to make a diagnosis, but he or she may want to measure the amount of tears in your eyes.  A thin paper strip of filter paper is placed at the edge of the eye, called a Schirmer test is one way of measuring this.

What Causes Dry Eye?

Dry eye syndrome is an ongoing condition that may not be cured, but the accompanying symptoms can be managed.  Your eye doctor may prescribe artificial tears or eye drops, temporary or permanent silicone plugs may also be needed to keep your tears from draining away too quickly.


Ectropian, common in the elderly community, is a condition that causes the inner eyelid surface to become dry and irritated due to a “turning out” of the eyelid. Symptoms can include: irritation, excessive tearing, and excessive dryness. Sometimes the Ectropian symptoms can be managed with artificial tears, but only until surgery can be scheduled. If your eyelids are drooping, and your eyes are constantly irritated or watery, make an appointment to see one of our doctors for an evaluation.

Snead Eye Group has the knowledge and experience to perform many different eyelid surgeries including Ectropian repair. You can see more of the surgeries offered by Snead Eye Group on the Eyelid Surgery page. Our doctors perform these surgeries in our Fort Myers and Naples Surgery Centers that are dedicated to ophthalmic surgical procedures including a variety of eyelid surgery, cataract surgery, Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty, and LASIK.

To schedule an appointment at Snead Eye Group, contact our Fort Myers office at 239-936-8686,
or our Naples Office at 239-594-5550, or  send us a message on our contact page.

Financing for your Eyelid surgery is available.

Snead Eye Group works with Care Credit, a finance company that can help patients pay any high insurance deductible. When patients apply and are approved we offer a two year, no interest rate, payment plan. Learn more about Care Credit financing.

For more information please call   Snead Eye Group at (239) 936-8686


Entropian is a condition that causes your eyelid to turn inwards. This can cause major irritation and discomfort due to the eyelid skin and eyelashes rubbing against one another.


Symptoms can include :

  • redness of the eye
  • eye pain or eye irritation
  • light sensitivity
  • decreased vision
  • excessive tearing or watery eyes

Surgery Options : Snead Eye Group offers the latest in eyelid surgery and repair. Blepharoplasty is safe and effective, and is performed in either of our state-of-the-art surgery centers.


If you are suffering from any of these symptoms, make an appointment to see one of our doctors for an evaluation. Snead Eye Group performs several different eyelid surgeries regularly including Entropian repair. To see more surgeries offered by the Snead Eye Group, go to our Eyelid Surgery page. Our doctors perform these and other eye health services and procedures at our Fort Myers and Naples Surgery Centers. Our staff and surgery centers are dedicated to helping you to see your best

To schedule an appointment at Snead Eye Group, contact our Fort Myers office at 239-936-8686,
or our Naples Office at 239-594-5550or you can send us a message on our contact page.

Financing for your Eyelid surgery is available.

Snead Eye Group works with Care Credit, a finance company that can help patients pay any high insurance deductible. When patients apply and are approved we offer a two year, no interest rate, payment plan. Learn more about Care Credit financing.

For more information please call   Snead Eye Group at (239) 936-8686

Eye Floaters

What Causes Floaters?


Floaters are actually tiny clumps of gel or cells inside the vitreous, the clear jelly-like fluid that fills the inside of your eye. As we age the vitreous gel may start to thicken or shrink forming more clumps of gel in the eye.


Who is Most Likely to get Floaters?


For most people, floaters occur as they grow older. Sometimes pregnant women see floaters caused by little bits of protein trapped within the eye.  Eye injury or breakdown of the vitreous humor may also cause spots and floaters.


What are the Symptoms of Floaters?


If a spot or shadowy shape passes in front of your field of vision or to the side, you are seeing a floater.  Because they are inside your eye, they move with your eyes when you try to see them.   Floaters are more noticeable when you look at a plain background, like a blank wall or blue sky.


How are Floaters Detected?


You will probably be the first one to know that you actually have floaters.  Just seeing the specks or spots without any pain or sudden flash of light is most always a floater. If you do experience pain, see sudden flashes of light, or experience a veil in your vision, consult your eye care professional immediately, as this may be an indication of a retinal problem.  Your eye care specialist will also be able to detect floaters during a routine eye exam.


How can Floaters be Treated?


Most spots and eye floaters are merely annoying but harmless when they temporarily enter the field of vision and many fade over time.  Sometimes an eye doctor will recommend surgery to remove floaters, but only in rare instances.

What are Floaters?

Floaters are the small specks or cloud like spots that move in your field of vision.  Floaters may also look like strands, webs or other shapes.

Eyelid & Eye Lesions

Lesions are cellular growths that can appear on the eye or the eyelid in many different shapes and forms. Most often these growths are non-cancerous but can nonetheless lead to loss of vision, discomfort, and can be embarrassing. The most common forms of eye and eyelid lesions include : chalzions , pterygiums, pinguecula and eye and eyelid cysts and tumors.



A chalazion, usually appearing is the lower or upper eyelid, is a red raised mass typically caused by a blockage of the eyelid’s oil glands. Chalazions are a common development for patients suffering from blepharitis, or inflammation of the eyelid.The eventual lump formed by this condition can lead to mild pain, redness and swelling.




Pterygium are benign tumors that appear as pink tissue that grow onto the cornea from the conjunctiva or the temporal side of the eye. These growths if left untreated can lead to vision loss and chronic eye irritation. Southwest Floridians may be especially susceptive to Pterygium as long-term ultraviolet exposure has been linked as a cause to this condition.



Simliar to Pterygium, Pinguecula is thought to be caused by exposure to UV or sunlight rays. Development of Pinguecula displays as a yellow growth usually found on the side of the eye closest to the nose, but can develop on both sides of the eye. While these growths are benign, left untreated they can develop into a Pterygium, and a proper diagnosis is necessary to not confuse these symptoms. Effects most commonly associated with Pinguecula are swollen, red and irritated eyes.




While a number of different typed of lesions may be harmless, the development of cysts on or around the eye can sometimes indicate other health issues. Cysts differ from lesions in that they are filled with fluid. If a lesion or cyst obstructs the eyelid, significant damage can result from the eyelid’s inability to protect the eye, possibly even damaging vision.

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, call the Snead Eye Group today to schedule an evaluation. Once diagnosed you can be scheduled for surgery with our doctors at our Fort Myers or Naples Surgery Centers. Our surgery centers are dedicated to ophthalmic surgical procedures including cataract surgery, LASIK, Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty, and a variety of eyelid surgeries.

To schedule an appointment at Snead Eye Group, contact our Fort Myers office at 239-936-8686,
or our Naples Office at 239-594-5550. Or you can send us a message on our contact page.

Financing for your surgery is available.

Snead Eye Group works with Care Credit, a finance company that can help patients pay any high insurance deductible. When patients apply and are approved we offer a two year, no interest rate, payment plan. Learn more about Care Credit financing.

For more information please call Snead Eye Group at 239.936.8686


What Causes Glaucoma?


An increase in the amount of aqueous humor (fluid) in the eye indicates a problem. Either the eye is producing too much, or it’s not draining properly. Certain medial disorders such as, diabetes, may also contribute to glaucoma.


Who is Most Likely to get Glaucoma?


Because there are several types, anyone can have glaucoma.  Certain ethnic backgrounds specifically African-Americans are four times more likely to develop glaucoma than whites.


What are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?


Glaucoma is often known as the “silent thief”.  Because there are no warning signs most people do not realize they actually have a problem.  Glaucoma gradually reduces your side to side vision but by the time you notice it, permanent damage has already occurred.


How is Glaucoma Detected?


A visit to your eye care specialist is the best way to determine whether or not you have glaucoma.  People with certain risk factors should see their eye doctor more frequently to have their intraocular pressure checked.

Another detection method is through diagnostic testing such as a visual field.  This test will map your vision and determine if any points in your field of vision are missing.


How is Glaucoma Treated?


The best treatment for glaucoma is early diagnosis and prevention.  Various types of glaucoma may require different treatment plans including the iStent and Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty. Your eye care specialist will discuss the best course of action with you, if you are diagnosed with glaucoma.

What is Glaucoma?


Glaucoma is an increase in the intraocular pressure in your eye.  If left untreated the pressure may rise to dangerous levels and damage your optic nerve. This can result in decreased peripheral (side to side) vision and eventually blindness.

Macular Degeneration

What is Macular Degeneration?


Macular degeneration is a common aging process that occurs in nearly every person who reaches 100 years of age. Macular Degeneration affects the macula portion of the retina, which is located in the very back of your eye and is responsible for sharp central vision such as that needed to focus on reading or driving.


How the Eye Works


Light enters your eye through the cornea and lens. It travels to the back of your eye where it focuses on your retina which is similar to film in a camera. If the film or retina become damaged, the resulting picture is blurry.


Dry Macular Degeneration


This is by far, the most common form of macular degeneration, occurring in 85% to 90% of patients with the disorder. This form appears as dry yellow spots on the macula. Many patients experience only mild vision loss or distortion in the beginning stages. Although your vision will slowly and progressively decline, it will not cause complete blindness. You may have dry macular degeneration for many years without any significant change in your vision or lifestyle.


Wet Macular Degeneration


This form occurs in only about 10% to 15% of patients with the disorder. The good news is that wet macular degeneration, if caught in time, can be stopped and often reversed. The bad news is that if it is not caught in time, vision loss is severe and sudden. Wet macular degeneration occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow under the retina causing distortion and damage.


How is Macular Degeneration Treated?


At this time, claims for successful treatments range from conservative to bizarre. There are many treatments available with questionable results. The only proven treatment at this time is laser surgery. Lasers are used to halt the progression of wet macular degeneration. Laser treatment does not restore lost vision and may cause vision to be somewhat worse after the procedure. Although this may seem counterproductive, this loss is usually less severe than the eventual loss that will occur if laser treatment is not performed.

How can I Improve my Remaining Vision?

Since macular degeneration only affects the central portion of your vision, your peripheral vision remains intact. Other diseases, such as cataracts and glaucoma can destroy peripheral vision if left untreated. Both of these diseases can be treated or controlled to keep vision at its best. To preserve your vision, schedule a comprehensive eye examination with one of our doctors at Snead Eye Group.

Amsler Grid

Instructions for use:

Cover one eye and look constantly at the center dot.  Be sure all lines are straight and all small squares are the same size.  If any area on the grid becomes distorted, blurred, discolored, or otherwise abnormal, call your eye doctor.  You could have progressing macular degeneration.

Click the following link for a printable version of the Amsler Grid with detailed instructions on how to use it to test your vision at home.

Pink Eye

What is Pink Eye?


Pink Eye is the common term for a condition also known as conjunctivitis. The conjunctiva is the thin clear membrane over the white part of the eye; it also lines the eyelids. Inflammation of this membrane is called conjunctivitis or pink eye.


What Causes Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis) ?


Pink eye may be triggered by a virus, bacteria, and allergic reaction to dust, pollen, smoke, fumes or chemicals. In some cases a foreign body, such as a contact lens may also inflame the membrane causing pink eye.


Who is Most Likely to get Pink Eye?


Anyone is susceptible to pink eye, however is appears to be more common in pre-school and school age children.


What are the Symptoms of Pink Eye?


The most obvious symptom of course is a pinkish or red color of the eye, due to the inflammation. Pink eye may also cause your eye to hurt or itch.


How is Pink Eye Detected?


At the first sign of redness or itchiness you should call your eye care specialist for an examination. To pinpoint the cause and then choose appropriate treatment, your eye doctor will ask some questions, examine your eyes and may even collect a sample on a swab to sent out for analysis.


How can Pink Eye be Treated?


Since pink eye is a bacterial infection and can be contagious, the best source of treatment is actually prevention. Washing your hands frequently, avoid touching or rubbing your eyes, don’t share washcloths or eye makeup. If you have contracted pink eye, your eye care specialist may recommend compresses, allergy pills or antibiotic eye drops in some cases. Usually, pink eye is a minor eye infection, but sometimes it can develop into a more serious condition. See your eye care specialist for a diagnosis before you attempt any treatment on your own.


What is Presbyopia?


During middle age, usually around the age of 40, people will begin to experience blurred vision while focusing close up.  Reading, sewing and working on a computer may become difficult without the aid of glasses.


What Causes Presbyopia


Presbyopia is generally believed to stem from the gradual loss of flexibility in the natural lens of the eye as we age.  With less elasticity the eye has a harder time focusing up close.


Who is Most Likely to get Presbyopia?


Presbyopia occurs in everyone at some point in time, usually beginning in your forties.


What are the Symptoms of Presbyopia?


Usually the first sign of presbyopia is the need to hold books, magazines or newspapers at arm’s length in order to focus properly.  Performing close up work may tend to leave you feeling fatigued, with headaches or eyestrain.


How is Presbyopia Detected?


Your eye care specialist will be able to diagnose whether or not you have presbyopia. However; you will most likely know prior to examination based on your symptoms.


How is Presbyopia Treated?


Eyeglasses are the most common correction for presbyopia. Contact lenses may also be worn for correction by wearing one contact for distance and one for close up. This is referred to as monovision.  Because your natural lens continues to change as you grow older, your prescription for correction will increase over time as well. New technology is being developed for treatment of presbyopia, ask your eye care specialist for more information.


What is a Stye?


Styes are small bumps resembling a pimple on the inside or outside of your eyelid.


What Causes a Stye?


A stye develops when a gland at the edge of the eyelid becomes infected.  Styes are caused by staphylococcal bacteria. This bacterium is often found in the nose and is easily transferred to the eye by rubbing first your nose and then your eye.



Who is Most Likely to get a Stye?


Styes can occur at any age and are not harmful to your vision.


What are the Symptoms of a Stye?


A stye usually begins with pain, redness , tenderness and swelling then a small pimple appears.  You may notice frequent watering in the affected eye, a feeling like something is in your eye or increased sensitivity to light.


How is a Stye Detected?


The initial symptoms of the stye usually present the diagnosis. However; you may choose to contact your eye care specialist to be sure.


How is a Stye Treated?


Most styes heal within a few days on their own.  Applying a hot compress for 10-15 minutes , three or four times a day may speed up the healing process.  The compress will help relieve the pain and brings the stye to a head, much like a pimple that will then rupture, drain and heal.  Never “pop” a stye like a pimple; allow it to rupture on its own.


Chalazion: Another Type of Eyelid Bump


Often mistaken for a stye, a chalazion is an enlarged blocked oil gland in the eyelid.  A chalazion mimics a stye then turn into a painless, hard round bump later on. Although the same treatment speeds the healing of a chalazion, if the bump remains after several months, your eye doctor may drain it or inject a steroid to help heal it.


What is Keratoconus?


Keratoconus is an eye disorder in which the cornea becomes misshapen, typically in a more conical than spherical shape. This change in shape can lead to double vision, distortion of vision, blurred or streaked vision and sensitivity to light.

In many patients, corrective lenses fitted by a specialist allow the patient to drive legally and function in daily life. If the disease continues to progress, one of several surgical options may be explored.

Surgical procedures for advanced Keratoconus include: intrastromal corneal ring segments, corneal collagen cross-linking, mini asymmetric radial keratotomy and, in 25% of cases, corneal transplantation.

Signs and Symptoms of Keratoconus


People with early keratoconus typically notice a minor blurring of their vision and come to their clinician seeking corrective lenses for reading or driving. During these stages the symptoms may be similar to those of any other refractive defect. With the progression of the disease, eyesight deteriorates, sometimes very quickly. Visual sharpness becomes impaired both near and far, and night vision is typically bad. Some patients have markedly worse vision in one of their eyes. In most cases keratoconus will affect both eyes, though not necessarily evenly. Some sufferers develop a sensitivity to bright light, eye strain from squinting in order to read, or itching in the eye, but there is normally little or no pain. It may cause lit objects to appear as pipe, all having the same brightness at all points.