What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an increase in the intraocular pressure in your eye.  If left untreated the pressure may rise to dangerous levels and damage your optic nerve. This can result in decreased peripheral (side to side) vision and eventually blindness.


What Causes Glaucoma?

An increase in the amount of aqueous humor (fluid) in the eye indicates a problem. Either the eye is producing too much, or it’s not draining properly. Certain medial disorders such as, diabetes, may also contribute to glaucoma.


Who is Most Likely to get Glaucoma?

Because there are several types, anyone can have glaucoma.  Certain ethnic backgrounds specifically African-Americans are four times more likely to develop glaucoma than whites.


What are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is often known as the “silent thief”.  Because there are no warning signs most people do not realize they actually have a problem.  Glaucoma gradually reduces your side to side vision but by the time you notice it, permanent damage has already occurred.


How is Glaucoma Detected?

A visit to your eye care specialist is the best way to determine whether or not you have glaucoma.  People with certain risk factors should see their eye doctor more frequently to have their intraocular pressure checked.

Another detection method is through diagnostic testing such as a visual field.  This test will map your vision and determine if any points in your field of vision are missing.


How is Glaucoma Treated?

The best treatment for glaucoma is early diagnosis and prevention.  Various types of glaucoma may require different treatment plans including the iStent and Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty. Your eye care specialist will discuss the best course of action with you, if you are diagnosed with glaucoma.